Beitrag, Englisch, Kluwer Academic Publishers
Autor: Dr. Gerrit Hornung
Quelle: European Public Law
Aufrufe gesamt: 753, letzte 30 Tage: 4
It is very likely that in a few years time, most persons travelling around the world will possess a travel document that includes a biometric identifier. While states pushed ahead with passports first, biomet-ric ID cards will most likely follow in the near future in the UK and other countries. This develop-ment could have a major impact on research in the field of biometrics, as well as on the market of ID solutions. However, the use of biometrics poses highly controversial technical and legal problems. The technical issues are addressed by standardisation activities, which are conducted by the ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC 37 and 17, as well as the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). From the legal perspective, states have to comply with privacy requirements enshrined in constitutions and interna-tional treaties when implementing biometric data in ID documents. The most important questions con-cern the choice of the biometric, the storage in central databases, the use in private applications, and the installation of back-up procedures to avoid discrimination. In the end, the question of whether a project as identity cards with biometric data will be accepted in the population should not be underes-timated.