Beitrag, Englisch, Brill Academic Publishers
Quelle: International Negotiation 12 (3)
Aufrufe gesamt: 779, letzte 30 Tage: 2
Brill Academic Publishers
Dr. Valentin Zahrnt, lic. oec. HSG : Kontakt
The article analyzes the functioning of WTO negotiations. The idea is to go beyond the positions of specific countries and to develop a framework of the factors that determine the progress of WTO negotiations.
The present article argues that the bargaining over how the gains from cooperation in the WTO should be shared between governments constitutes a major obstacle to multilateral liberalization. Since each government is uncertain about how other governments evaluate possible WTO agreements and their best alternatives to a negotiated agreement, it has an incentive to engage in aggressive gain claiming, hoping to shape the resulting agreement in its own favor. However, aggressive gain claiming may result in delay and reduced ambition of an agreement, it may damage states’ systemic interest in the effective and stable functioning of the WTO, and it may provoke peer pressure. How governments frame these benefits and costs and how they coordinate their negotiating positions in bargaining coalitions also shapes their gain claiming strategies. The hypotheses about the determinants of gain claiming submitted in this article are based on a series of interviews conducted with members of national delegations and WTO employees, as well as on a survey of national delegations.